The impact of livestock on the economy of Sudan and its social uses within the pastoral sector are of great importance in the future development of the country. The role of livestock is that of a food system and store of value, wealth, power, and authority in areas where pastoralists practice their daily life without being reached by modern banking systems and market economy. There are four major uses of livestock in Sudan; namely, domestic, economic, social, and political. A key aspect of the issue is the social significance of livestock and how the wealth it generates transforms itself with power and authority.
Tow days ago Khartoum hosted the meeting of IGAD Centre for pastoral areas and livestock development (ICPALD). The meeting discussed with the center’s overall activity and its role in developing the traditional sector and called for benefiting from the projects and providing the necessary support for the center.
ICPALD is working with IGAD Member States to improve the performance of the livestock sector and enhance its benefits to the people of the region , to promote, facilitate, and advocate for a people-centered, responsive, sustainable development in arid and semi-arid areas.
The livestock sector plays a critical role in the Sudanese economy and in the welfare of the whole population. It yields a flow of’ essential food, brings in a large amount of foreign exchange from export earnings, is a major means of transport, produces draught power in support of crop production and processing, provides dung for fertilizer and fuel and creates employment.
Livestock are a strategic element in livelihoods, income generation, food security and in agricultural development. They contribute to the national economy and to human welfare alleviation, food security, environmental conservation and gender equality.